PCR-based species identification


a. Simplex PCR assays with diagnostic band sizes for all Verticillum species

b. Multiplex PCR assay to differentiate V. albo-atrum, V. alfalfae, and V. nonalfalfae

c. Multiplex PCR assay to differentiate V. dahliae, V. isaacii, V. klebahnii, and V. tricorpus

d. Multiplex PCR assay to differentiate V. dahliae, and the three V. longisporum lineages

e. Multiplex PCR assay to differentiate V. isaacii, and V. klebahnii and V. tricorpus